Jean-Fran?ois Timsit: Visualization, Investigation, Writing C review & editing
Jean-Fran?ois Timsit: Visualization, Investigation, Writing C review & editing. the COVID-19 source centre remains active. This article has been cited by additional content articles in Tipepidine hydrochloride PMC. em Dear Editor /em , We go through with interest the content articles by Harris Ross et?al.,1 and its comment by Capetti Amedeo et?al.,2 showing an antibody persistence up to 24 weeks and one year among COVID-19 infected individuals. In response to this journal, Tr-Hardy et?al.,3 and Salvagno Gian et?al.,4 offered slightly reducing anti-S IgG decrease among vaccinated healthcare workers (HCWs) three months after mRNA vaccine 1st dose suggesting the need for potential fresh vaccine injection. Here we want to both provide new elements that strenghen this point with the analysis of vaccinated HCWs response up to five weeks after the 1st vaccine dose and add live disease neutralization data on several SARS-CoV-2 variants. Therefore, in the current study, we tested 138 sera samples from 17 BNT162b2 vaccinated HCWs up to 5 weeks after the 1st vaccine dose for anti-N and anti-S IgG (Abbott Diagnostics, Chicago, US) and pseudoneutralization activity (iFlash-2019-nCoV Nab assay, YHLO, Shenzen, China). Tipepidine hydrochloride Live disease neutralization assays with B, Alpha, Beta and Gamma SARS-CoV-2 strains were carried out for any subset of 45 sera from 9 vaccinated HCWs. Decomplemented sera were subjected to serial two-fold dilution (1:25 to 1 1:12800), incubated with 50 L of diluted disease (2??103 PFU/mL) inside a 96-well plate at 37C, 5% Tipepidine hydrochloride CO2 for 60 min. Then 3??104 cells Vero E6 cells (ATCC, research R CRL-1586) were added and incubated (37C, 5% CO2) until cytopathic effect assessment at day time 4. Among our vaccinated HCWs (median age 57 years old [IQR=24-52]), humoral response shown a median anti-S titer at 728 AU/mL [343C1612] one month after the 1st dose and an antibody maximum one month after the second dose at 11720 AU/mL [8350-20056] (Fig.?1 ). Then it gradually decreased, reaching a plateau 4 weeks after second dose (3059 AU/mL [2314-5124]). This decrease, five weeks after 1st vaccine dose, confirmed the styles observed by Tr-Hardy et?al.,3 and Salvagno Gian et?al.,4 at three months. The anti-S titers decrease was also confirmed by pseudoneutralization titers having a peak at 1593.1 AU/mL [788.4C1659.6], a month following the second dosage accompanied by a plateau in 242.0 AU/mL [157.7-365.1]. When confirming those observations on live trojan neutralization assay (Fig.?1). We also noticed a pic of neutralizing anti-SARS-CoV-2 antibodies a month following the second vaccine dosage (median neutralizing antibody titer of just one 1:12800 [1:3200C1:12800], 1:6400 [1:3200C1:6400] and 1:6400 [1:6400C1:12800] for B.1, Gamma and Alpha variants, respectively). Nevertheless, we noticed an more powerful reduction in neutralizing activity of sera also, for any variants, resulting in suprisingly low neutralizing titers at around 1:50 four a few months following the second vaccine dosage for Alpha and Beta variations (1:50 [1:25C1:200] and 1:50 [1:25C1:100], respectively). A lesser drop in neutralizing titers was also noticed for ancestral stress and Gamma variant with median titers of just one 1:400 [1:200C1:800] and 1:100 [1:100C1:200], respectively. Tipepidine hydrochloride About the Beta variant, neutralizing capability of sera remained considerably lower at 1 and 2 a few months following the second vaccine shot in comparison to ancestral SARS-CoV-2 stress (p=0.009 and p=0.014 respectively), Alpha version (p=0.009 and p=0.034, respectively) and Gamma variant (p=0.009 and p=0.014, respectively). This difference of neutralization activity faded as neutralization titers fell for any lineages three months following the second dosage. Open in another window Fig. 1 Antibody Neutralization and kinetics titers among vaccinated HCWs up to 5 a few months after BNT162b2 vaccination initiation. -panel A depicts the anti-S IgG, -panel B the Spike RBD-pseudoneutralization -panel and titers C the live trojan neutralization assay titers according to viral lineages. To help regular antibody response follow-up, we examined the global concordance between anti-S IgG dimension, pseudoneutralization assay and live trojan neutralization assay. The evaluation between pseudo-neutralizing antibodies titers and anti-S titers was executed over the 138 examples from vaccinated Cd63 HCWs, 48 extra examples from COVID-19 sufferers and 16 pre-epidemic examples. We observed a standard contract of 96% among vaccinated HCWs (n=133/138) and 100% among COVID-19 sufferers.